Sunday, June 22, 2014

Build, install and run Hadoop 2.4 (2.4.0) on Windows 8 (64bit)


In short, the steps are:
  • Install Java (jdk 7)
  • Install Cygwin
  • Copy Hadoop 2.4 source code to Cygwin
  • Build Hadoop source in Cygwin
  • Set up Hadoop environment in Windows
  • Run Hadoop in Windows
Note: You can download Hadoop Windows native binaries (dll and exe, amd64 build) from my github repository: https://github.com/Zutai/HadoopOnWindows/tree/master/NativeDllAndExe.

Following are detailed steps:

Install JDK 7

Download OpenJDK 7 Window amd64 build from: https://github.com/alexkasko/openjdk-unofficial-builds#openjdk-unofficial-installers-for-windows-linux-and-mac-os-x

Uncompress it, copy and rename the directory to C:\app\jdk1.7.

Set JAVA_HOME=C:\app\jdk1.7, Path=...;C:\app\jdk1.7\bin in system variables.

Install Cygwin 64 bit

Install it to C:\cygwin64, with following extra components:

Devel: binutils
Devel: make, automake, cmake
Interpreters: m4
Utils: cpio
Base: gawk
Interpreters: gawk
Base: base-files, file
Devel: file-devel
Archive: zip, unzip
Base: gzip
System: procps

Upper components in Cygwin may not be needed all. But I just installed them. I got the idea from requirements to build OpenJDK on Windows: http://hg.openjdk.java.net/jdk7/jdk7/raw-file/tip/README-builds.html

Set up Cygwin

Download Apache Maven 3.2.1 binaries, copy to C:\cygwin64\usr\local\apache-maven-3.2.1.

Download Google Protocol Buffer windows binary, copy protoc.exe to C:\cygwin64\usr\local\bin.

Edit .bashrc file (C:\cygwin64\home[YourUser].bashrc), adding following:

export JAVA_HOME=/cygdrive/c/App/jdk1.7  
export M2_HOME=/usr/local/apache-maven-3.2.1  
export HADOOP_PROTOC_PATH=/usr/local/bin  
export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin:$M2_HOME/bin:/cygdrive/c/Windows/Microsoft.NET/Framework/v4.0.30319  
export Platform=x64

Now open Cygwin window, run mvn and protoc to verify:

$ mvn -version
Apache Maven 3.2.1 (ea8b2b07643dbb1b84b6d16e1f08391b666bc1e9; 2014-02-14T09:37:52-08:00)
Maven home: C:\cygwin64\usr\local\apache-maven-3.2.1
Java version: 1.7.0-u60-unofficial, vendor: Oracle Corporation
Java home: C:\App\jdk1.7\jre
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: Cp1252
OS name: "windows 8.1", version: "6.3", arch: "amd64", family: "windows"

$ protoc --version
libprotoc 2.5.0

Build Hadoop 2.4.0 source

Download Hadoop 2.4.0 source code and copy it to C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src.

In Cygwin, go to C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src, run: mvn compile

You might hit error like following:

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD FAILURE
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 11:53 min
[INFO] Finished at: 2014-06-19T23:13:05-08:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 51M/352M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.hadoop:hadoop-maven-plugins:2.4.0:protoc (compile-protoc) on project hadoop-common: org.apache.maven.plugin.MojoExecutionException: 'protoc --version' did not return a version -> [Help 1]

If you hit upper error, you can manually set protocCommand to "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\bin\protoc.exe" in file C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-maven-plugins\src\main\java\org\apache\hadoop\maven\plugin\protoc\ProtocMojo.java:

  public void execute() throws MojoExecutionException {
    try {
      if (protocCommand == null || protocCommand.trim().isEmpty()) {
        protocCommand = "protoc";
      }

      protocCommand = "C:\\cygwin64\\usr\\local\\bin\\protoc.exe";
    ...
  }

Then, re-run mvn compile, you probably will hit new error:

[INFO] --- exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec (compile-ms-winutils) @ hadoop-common ---
Building the projects in this solution one at a time. To enable parallel build, please add the "/m" switch.
Build started 6/20/2014 7:00:23 PM.
Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.sln" on node 1 (default targets).
ValidateSolutionConfiguration:
  Building solution configuration "Release|x64".
Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.sln" (1) is building "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.vcxproj.metaproj" (2) on node 1 (default targets).
Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.vcxproj.metaproj" (2) is building "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\libwinutils.vcxproj" (3) on node 1 (default targets).
C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\libwinutils.vcxproj(44,3): error MSB4019: The imported project "C:\Microsoft.Cpp.Default.props" was not found. Confirm that the path in the <Import> declaration is correct, and that the file exists on disk.
Done Building Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\libwinutils.vcxproj" (default targets) -- FAILED.
Done Building Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.vcxproj.metaproj" (default targets) -- FAILED.
Done Building Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.sln" (default targets) -- FAILED.

To resolve upper error, you can install Microsoft Visual Studio Express 2012, and manually build the sln projects.

Open C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.sln in Visual Studio Express 2012. Change the build configuration to Release x64. Then you will be able to build the projects (libwinutils, winutils) inside the solution.
After building the sln in Visual Studio, re-run mvn to build Hadoop in Cygwin. You might hit another similar error:

[INFO] --- exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec (compile-ms-native-dll) @ hadoop-common ---
Building the projects in this solution one at a time. To enable parallel build, please add the "/m" switch.
Build started 6/20/2014 7:44:05 PM.
Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\native\native.sln" on node 1 (default targets).
ValidateSolutionConfiguration:
  Building solution configuration "Release|x64".
Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\native\native.sln" (1) is building "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\native\native.vcxproj" (2) on node 1 (default targets).
C:\Program Files (x86)\MSBuild\Microsoft.Cpp\v4.0\V110\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.targets(42,5): error MSB8020: The builds tools for Visual Studio 2010 (Platform Toolset = 'v100') cannot be found. To build using the v100 build tools, either click the Project menu or right-click the solution, and then select "Update VC++ Projects...". Install Visual Studio 2010 to build using the Visual Studio 2010 build tools. [C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\native\native.vcxproj]
Done Building Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\native\native.vcxproj" (default targets) -- FAILED.
Done Building Project "C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\native\native.sln" (default targets) -- FAILED.

Again, you can open the sln in Visual Studio and build there (remember to change build configuration to Release x64).

Finally you will get mvn compile running successfully. Check your directory: C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\target\bin. It should contains:

hadoop.dll
hadoop.exp
hadoop.lib
hadoop.pdb
libwinutils.lib
winutils.exe
winutils.pdb

If you see upper dll and exe. Congratulation! You are ready to run Hadoop on Windows now!

Set up Hadoop environment in Windows

I got Hadoop build successfully with "mvn compile", but still got test failure when using commenad "mvn package". Thus I decided to download Hadoop 2.4.0 distribution from Apache Hadoop release download page, and use it together with the native binaries I build on my local machine. Then I got Hadoop running successfully on my Windows 8. Following are the details.

(Or, you can run "mvn package -Pdist,native-win -DskipTests -Dtar" to skip test, and you will get your local build at:
C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-dist\target\hadoop-2.4.0.)

Download, uncompress and copy Hadoop 2.4.0 distribution to C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0. Copy native binaries (hadoop.dll, winutils.exe) from local Hadoop build (C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0\bin) to Hadoop distribution (C:\cygwin64\usr\local\hadoop-2.4.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\target\bin).

Add Hadoop bin and sbin to PATH system variable: PATH=...;C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0\bin;C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0\sbin.

Add system variable HADOOP_INSTALL=C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0.

Edit or create following configure files:

C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0\etc\hadoop\core-site.xml
<configuration>
<property>
  <name>fs.default.name</name>
  <value>hdfs://localhost/</value>
</property>
</configuration>

C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0\etc\hadoop\hdfs-site.xml
<configuration>
<property>
  <name>dfs.replication</name>
  <value>1</value>
</property>
</configuration>

C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0\etc\hadoop\mapred-site.xml
<configuration>
  <property>
    <name>mapreduce.framework.name</name>
    <value>yarn</value>
  </property>
</configuration>

C:\app\hadoop-2.4.0\etc\hadoop\yarn-site.xml
<configuration>
<property>
  <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services</name>
  <value>mapreduce_shuffle</value>
</property>
</configuration>

Now open a command window in administrator mode. You should be able to format hdfs via: hdfs namenode -format.

Run Hadoop on Windows

In previous section you will be able to run "hdfs namenode -format" to format HDFS. Then use following commands to start Hadoop processes:

start-dfs
start-yarn

Now, enjoy your Hadoop on Windows!

Feel free to discuss any other issues you hit.

134 comments:

  1. Neatly Documented thanks for same..

    I am getting following error even build the soultion by Changing the build configuration to Release x64..Please help on same..


    F:\code\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.sln" (default target) (1) ->
    "F:\code\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.vcxproj.metaproj" (default target) (2) ->
    "F:\code\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\libwinutils.vcxproj" (default target) (3) ->
    (PlatformPrepareForBuild target) ->
    C:\Program Files (x86)\MSBuild\Microsoft.Cpp\v4.0\V110\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.targets(44,5): error MSB8020: The builds tools for v120 (Platform Toolset = 'v120') cannot be found. To build using the v120 build tools, either click the Project menu or right-click the solution, and then select "Update VC++ Projects...". Install v120 to build using the v120 build tools. [F:\code\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\libwinutils.vcxproj]

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Brahma, I was on vacation and just get chance to look at this. Can you search "v120" in your vcxproj file, and change it to "v110"? If that does not work, you may need Visual Studio 2013 to build your solution since "v120" seems to be Visual Studio 2013. I am not sure how you get that in your vcxproj.

    If you resolve the issue, would you share as well :)

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi Tai Zu,

    I installed winsdk7 and complied..Sorry for late reply..:)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Brahma i too tried to compile the winutils using winsdk7 but facing below issue can you please help

      Microsoft (R) Build Engine Version 4.0.30319.1
      [Microsoft .NET Framework, Version 4.0.30319.1]
      Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation 2007. All rights reserved.

      Build started 04-01-2015 21:01:19.
      Project "D:\BigData\hadoop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\ma
      in\winutils\winutils.vcxproj" on node 1 (default targets).
      D:\BigData\hadoop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winuti
      ls\winutils.vcxproj(36,3): error MSB4019: The imported project "D:\Microsoft.Cp
      p.Default.props" was not found. Confirm that the path in the declarati
      on is correct, and that the file exists on disk.
      Done Building Project "D:\BigData\hadoop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop
      -common\src\main\winutils\winutils.vcxproj" (default targets) -- FAILED.


      Build FAILED.

      "D:\BigData\hadoop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winut
      ils\winutils.vcxproj" (default target) (1) ->
      D:\BigData\hadoop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winu
      tils\winutils.vcxproj(36,3): error MSB4019: The imported project "D:\Microsoft.
      Cpp.Default.props" was not found. Confirm that the path in the declara
      tion is correct, and that the file exists on disk.

      0 Warning(s)
      1 Error(s)

      Time Elapsed 00:00:00.03

      Delete
    2. Hi JavaRocks,

      I searched your error message, and found this: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16092169/why-does-msbuild-look-in-c-for-microsoft-cpp-default-props-instead-of-c-progr

      Did you try that?

      Also, my post was based on hadoop 2.4.0, and I haven't tried building hadoop 2.6.0 on Windows yet. So, if you finally fix your problem, please also share your experience with us.

      Thanks,
      Tai

      Delete
    3. HI Tai
      i coudn't get Hadoop2.6.0 working instead i tried on Hadoop 2.5.2.
      I don't know its related or not but here is what worked for me
      i had to uninstall all versiond of Visual C++ and then i installed Windows SDK again which installed its version of VC++
      and rest worked for me
      Thanks

      Delete
  4. Hello - You rock!!! your instructions worked like a charm, I am going to update the stackoverflow since I was asking the same question over there.
    Again thank you very much!!!!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, I am going to quote you and this link at stackoverflow.

      Delete
    2. Does the same set of instructions work for 2.6.0 as well?

      Delete
    3. Hi Har V
      I couldn't get Hadoop2.6.0 working, but Hadoop 2.5.2 worked for me
      If you get 2.6.0 working then please let us know your experience.
      Thanks

      Delete
    4. Glad it helps. I was in the same situation trying to build hadoop on windows last year, and hit a bunch of issues. Also glad to hear it works on hadoop 2.5.2. Would love to see someone figure out for 2.6.0.

      Delete
  5. Hadoop-3.0.0 build instructions for Windows 8.1
    ----------------------------------------------
    I compiled Hadoop-3.0.0 from Git Trunk. I have not used cygwin. I have Windows 8.1 64bit

    Pre-requisites:
    ---------------
    1. Download and install latest version of cmake for windows from http://www.cmake.org/download/
    2. Install Visual Studio Express 2013
    3. Get latest version of trunk code from git://git.apache.org/hadoop.git
    (Try to use shortest path such as d:\hdp-git)
    4. Download and install proto.exe (version 2.5.0) for windows
    5. Ensure you have JDK-1.7 and Maven 3.0.5 or above installed and set in ENV variables

    Build settings changes:
    ----------------------
    1. Migrate Visual Studio Projects native.vcxproj, libwinutils.vcxproj and winutils.vcxproj from VS2010 to VS2013
    a) Open $hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\winutils\winutils.sln in VS2013.
    It will prompt you to upgrade the project to VS2013. Click yes.

    a) Open $hadoop-common-project\hadoop-common\src\main\native\native.sln in VS2013.
    It will prompt you to upgrade the project to VS2013. Click yes.

    2. Open $hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\pom.xml. Search for "Visual Studio 10 Win64", change it to "Visual Studio 12 Win64"

    Build Process:
    1. Open "Developer Command Prompt for VS2013" located at "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\Common7\Tools\Shortcuts"
    This will open new command shell. Use this to build hadoop.

    2. Run batch file "vcvarsx86_amd64.bat" located at "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\bin\x86_amd64"

    3. Change to $HADOOP directory and run maven build
    $mvn install -DskipTests

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Great sharing, thanks Kiran! Just curious, I see the latest version is 2.6.0 in http://hadoop.apache.org/. What is Hadoop 3.0.0?

      Delete
    2. Hi Tai,
      Yes 2.6.x latest stable version. I had cloned trunk version from git. This is the ongoing development branch. POM.xml and all generated JARs have version number as 3.0.0-SNAPSHOT

      Delete
    3. Cool, clear to me now. Thanks Kiran!

      Delete
  6. Hi ,

    I followed the procedure as mentioned by the post and the comments section for hadoop 2.6.
    I am stuck with this build error.

    [ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-antrun-plugin:1.7:
    run (make) on project hadoop-hdfs: An Ant BuildException has occured: Execute fa
    iled: java.io.IOException: Cannot run program "cmake" (in directory "C:\hdfs\had
    oop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native"): CreateProcess err
    or=2, The system cannot find the file specified
    [ERROR] around Ant part ...... @ 5:124
    in C:\hdfs\hadoop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\antrun\build-
    main.xml

    Any suggestions ??

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "Cannot run program "cmake" (in directory "C:\hdfs\had
      oop-2.6.0-src\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native"):" This error shows, you do not have cmake.

      Download and install it from http://www.cmake.org/download/

      Delete
  7. Please note: to get Hadoop to work with your DLL's you need to install Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable Package or newer. The DLL's require them to work.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks Lodewijk for the note :)

      By the way, which version of Hadoop did you use? I was using 2.4.0 when I was writing this blog. Now Hadoop has come up with 2.6 and 2.7. I haven't try that yet. Thus curious whether the steps here are still applicable to 2.6.0 or 2.7.0.

      Delete
  8. Fortunately, Apache Hadoop is a tailor-made solution that delivers on both counts, by turning big data insights into actionable business enhancements for long-term success. To know more, visit Hadoop Training Bangalore

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  10. Hi Kiran,
    I followed the procedure ,but iam facing new issues .
    -- The C compiler identification is unknown
    -- The CXX compiler identification is unknown
    CMake Error in :
    No CMAKE_C_COMPILER could be found.

    CMake Error in :
    No CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER could be found.



    -- Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!

    See also "H:/HadoopOSCode/hadoop/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/target/native/CMakeFiles/CMakeOutput.log".
    See also "H:/HadoopOSCode/hadoop/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/target/native/CMakeFiles/CMakeError.log".

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Error log :
      Compiling the C compiler identification source file "CMakeCCompilerId.c" failed.
      Compiler:
      Build flags:
      Id flags:

      The output was:
      1
      Microsoft (R) Build Engine version 4.0.30319.33440
      [Microsoft .NET Framework, version 4.0.30319.34014]
      Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
      t "H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdC\CompilerIdC.vcxproj" on node 1 (default targets).
      C:\Program Files\MSBuild\Microsoft.Cpp\v4.0\V120\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.Redirect.props(44,3): error MSB4019: The imported project "H:\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.Redirect.10.props" was not found. Confirm that the path in the declaration is correct, and that the file exists on disk. [H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdC\CompilerIdC.vcxproj]
      Done Building Project "H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdC\CompilerIdC.vcxproj" (default targets) -- FAILED.

      Build FAILED.
      Build started 8/10/2015 10:49:25 AM.
      Projec

      "H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdC\CompilerIdC.vcxproj" (default target) (1) ->
      C:\Program Files\MSBuild\Microsoft.Cpp\v4.0\V120\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.Redirect.props(44,3): error MSB4019: The imported project "H:\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.Redirect.10.props" was not found. Confirm that the path in the declaration is correct, and that the file exists on disk. [H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdC\CompilerIdC.vcxproj]

      0 Warning(s)
      1 Error(s)

      Time Elapsed 00:00:00.09


      Compiling the CXX compiler identification source file "CMakeCXXCompilerId.cpp" failed.
      Compiler:
      Build flags:
      Id flags:

      The output was:
      1
      Microsoft (R) Build Engine version 4.0.30319.33440
      [Microsoft .NET Framework, version 4.0.30319.34014]
      Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

      Build started 8/10/2015 10:49:25 AM.
      Project "H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdCXX\CompilerIdCXX.vcxproj" on node 1 (default targets).
      C:\Program Files\MSBuild\Microsoft.Cpp\v4.0\V120\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.Redirect.props(44,3): error MSB4019: The imported project "H:\Microsoft.Cpp.Platform.Redirect.10.props" was not found. Confirm that the path in the declaration is correct, and that the file exists on disk. [H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdCXX\CompilerIdCXX.vcxproj]
      Done Building Project "H:\HadoopOSCode\hadoop\hadoop-hdfs-project\hadoop-hdfs\target\native\CMakeFiles\3.3.0\CompilerIdCXX\CompilerIdCXX.vcxproj" (default targets) -- FAILED.

      Build FAILED.

      Delete
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